# Long Iron Butterfly Options Trading Strategy | Step-by-Step Execution Process, Payoff Graph, Pros & Cons, Adjustments

## Long Iron Butterfly Options Trading Strategy:

A Long Iron Butterfly is a four-legged options trading strategy that involves buying both a call option and a put option at the same strike price and simultaneously selling both a call option and a put option at different strike prices, but with the same expiration date. This strategy is used when the trader expects the underlying asset to stay within a specific price range until expiration.

**Example:**

Let’s say the current price of the underlying asset is $100, and the trader wants to set up a Long Iron Butterfly strategy. The trader buys a call option and a put option at the $100 strike price, each costing $2, and simultaneously sells a call option at the $105 strike price and a put option at the $95 strike price, each worth $1.

The net debit for this strategy would be $2 ($2 for buying the call option + $2 for buying the put option – $1 for selling the call option – $1 for selling the put option).

If the underlying asset price stays between $95 and $105 until expiration, the trader will profit from this strategy. The maximum profit occurs when the price of the underlying asset is exactly at the strike price of the call and put options at expiration, which in this case is $100.

If the price of the underlying asset is above $105 or below $95 at expiration, the trader will experience a loss.

## Step-by-Step Process of Executing a Long Iron Butterfly Options Strategy:

- Identify the underlying asset that you want to trade.
- Determine the expiration date and strike prices for the options.
- Buy a call option and a put option at the same strike price.
- Simultaneously sell a call option at a higher strike price and a put option at a lower strike price.
- Calculate the net debit or credit of the strategy.
- Monitor the position and adjust as needed.

## Payoff Graph for Long Iron Butterfly Options Trading Strategy:

## Pros and Cons of Long Iron Butterfly Options Strategy:

### Pros:

**Limited risk:**The maximum loss for a Long Iron Butterfly strategy is limited to the net debit paid for the options.**Limited profit:**The maximum profit for a Long Iron Butterfly strategy is achieved when the price of the underlying asset is at the strike price of the call and put options at expiration.**Flexibility:**The trader can adjust the strategy as needed to manage risk or take advantage of opportunities.

### Cons:

**Limited profit:**The maximum profit for a Long Iron Butterfly strategy is limited.**Limited time:**The strategy is time-limited and must be executed before the options expiration date.**Complex:**The Long Iron Butterfly strategy is a four-legged strategy and can be complicated to execute.

## Adjustments to Long Iron Butterfly Options Strategy:

### When in profit:

**Close the position:**If the price of the underlying asset is within the desired price range and the profit target has been achieved, the trader may choose to close the position.**Adjust the position:**The trader may choose to adjust the position by buying back the sold call and put options and selling new options at different strike prices.

### When in loss:

**Close the position:**If the price of the underlying asset is outside of the desired price range and the loss target has been reached, the trader may choose to close the position.**Adjust the position:**The trader may choose to adjust the position by buying back the sold call and put options and selling new options at different strike prices to reduce the risk of further losses.

## Conclusion:

The Long Iron Butterfly options trading strategy is a limited-risk, limited profit strategy that can be used when the trader expects the underlying asset to remain within a specific price range until expiration. This strategy can be complicated to execute, but it offers flexibility for adjusting the position as needed to manage risk or take advantage of opportunities.

The Long Iron Butterfly strategy can be used in various market conditions, such as in a stagnant or low-volatility market. However, it may not be suitable for all traders, particularly those who are new to options trading. It is crucial to have a solid understanding of options trading, market conditions, and risk management before executing this strategy.

In conclusion, the Long Iron Butterfly options trading strategy is an advanced strategy that requires careful consideration and risk management. It can be a useful tool for traders who have a neutral outlook on the market and want to take advantage of limited profit potential with limited risk. As with any trading strategy, it is important to thoroughly research and understand the risks involved before executing the Long Iron Butterfly strategy.